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Compass and map navigation pdf


Look at your surroundings as if you were looking down from. the army uses two types of compasses: the m2 compass and the lensatic compass. orienting a map with a compass - with the map in a horizontal position, the compass straight edge is placed parallel to a north- south grid with the cover of the compass pointing toward the top of the map. by all means hone your map and compass abilities, but never stray from the rules of basic wayfaring. • graduated straight edge - upper half of a standard 1: 50, 000 scale map ruler, for measuring distances on a map.

nwcg | nwcg is an operational group designed to coordinate. navigation is one of the ten essentials and most outdoor speople take a compass with them on every adventure. there are three areas to focus on when learning to put these time- tested navigation tools together: 1) topographic map use without a compass 2) following a compass bearing without a map 3) using map & compass together each of these has its place and is partly dependent on the terrain and your end goals. moving from a to b. a compass and map navigation pdf topographic map, a compass ( for this instructable i will be using a basic orienteering compass), and a dry erase marker ( if your map is laminated or sealed in plactic) or pencil. but at some point in time, outdoor enthusiast or not, you' compass and map navigation pdf ll want to be able to find. a nautical chart shows land, water and its depth, danger areas, landmarks, buoys, lights and other aids to navigation. innovative training devices and materials are being developed for use in the institution, rotc regions, and the field. making sure that the direction of travel arrow remains pointed in the general direction of the landmark ( 6a), rotate the entire baseplate until the orienting lines are running north/ south ( 6b) and the north marker on the bezel is pointing to north on the. find the landmark on the map, and put the compass’ s corner on the landmark.

outdoor navigation with map and compass this manual can serve as: 1. besides our compass, our map is our next essential item for land navigation. these minimalist compasses, which usually have cardinal directions rather than degree markings, attach to the thumb so the user can hold the compass and map in. land navigation skills importance • many emergency situations will not become survival situations if you do not become lost. but how do you use them? • many people carry compasses without knowing how to use them.

now that you understand the theory of map compass navigation we can turn to practicalities. pick up your compass and read the degree ( i. sign up for our backcountry navigation or basic map and compass online course. - nomenclature the lensatic compass consists of three major parts: cover, base, and lens.

underwater map making. repeat this process with at least two other landmarks. navigation is more a state of mind than a set of procedures. the lensatic compass, pictured in figure 5. compass navigation while making multiple turns; marking or relocating a submerged object or position from the surface.

( see appendixes e and h. when you navigate with a compass and map, having those two is obviously a must; but a handful of other things will help you with your navigation: map cover – it can be as simple ( and cheap) as a ziplock bag, but a map cover makes map reading in bad weather much easier. effective navigation requires imagination he takes all your skills! 3, is the compass the army uses for land navigation. scribe these bearing lines on the map. compasses are the primary navigation tools to use when moving in an outdoor world where there is no other way to find directions. the first dive of this padi specialty diver course may credit as an adventure dive toward your advanced open water diver certification – ask your instructor about earning credit.

2) take compass bearings from locations you can id from both the landscape and the map. utilizing the mind as well as the senses. posted: ( 2 days ago) lay your compass on the map and align one corner of the straight edge with the landmark. part 1 basic land navigation identify where you are on the map and place the compass edge over this location. compass basics a compass is one of the most basic navigation tools any hiker can own. this is a lesson on map and compass navigation declination and finding map bearing. we' re going to assume you are working with the most common type of compass used for navigation, the baseplate ( or orienteering) compass, and know what the various bit are called.

6) measuring distance on map and on ground. how to navigate with a map compass and map navigation pdf and compass: alright, so everyone knows a few fundamentals of navigation- north is always up, the sun rises in the east, and compasses usually point towards magnetic north. the lensatic compass is the most common and simplest instrument for measuring direct ion. updated map reading pdf and land navigation field manual.

this type of compass is designed for the sport of orienteering, in which participants run or otherwise navigate a cross- country course as quickly as possible using a map and compass. • the path of least resistance is usually best. there are many different types, but those used for navigation are drawn to scale. next, lay the compass on your map so that the long edge/ direction of travel arrow is aligned with the north- south meridian lines. – or visualize the line on the map. gps navigation - route finder, direction, road map pixamattic inc - live earth cameras, gps navigation best gps app for maps navigation - turn by turn road map for driving directions. a map is oriented when it is in position with north and south corresponding to north and south on the ground. tools for navigation. queue on aligning your body with the compass during night navigation. use your map, your eyes, your notes and wrist watch to stay found. hamilton, appalachia.

ensure that the compass bezel is set to 0 degrees i. to determine a magnetic azimuth using a compass: 1. aligning your body with the compass during night navigation. – and then use a straight edge object ( ruler) and align with an identifiable landmark, then draw a line. in simple, clear, concise terms the basics of map and compass work are described and illustrated. rotate the compass until the orienting lines point north- south. the contour lines, shown in brown, make the compass and map navigation pdf blueprint three dimensional. both kinds are easy to use with a little practice.

there are three areas to focus on when learning to put these time- tested navigation tools together: 1) topographic map use without a compass 2) following a compass bearing without a map 3) using map & compass together each of these has its place and is partly dependent on the terrain and your end goals. while entire books have been written about navigating with a compass, every compass user should know at least the basic concepts, otherwise the compass is just extra weight in your pack. the illustrations on. there are a lot of different kinds of maps out there, but for land navigation out in the wilderness we want a specific kind of map: a topographic map with a utm grid that has a scale of 1: 24, 000.

• land navigation is one of the. even with a gps in your phone, knowing how to navigate using a map and a compass is a great life skill. basic map and compass navigation | page 2. part 1 basic land navigation. map & compass 101 – orienting your map • step by step 1 – 2 - 3 1– set your map on the ground; turn your declination adjusted compass dial so due north is at the index pointer 2– place your compass on the map with the edge of the baseplate parallel to the north south meridians on the map 3 - turn the map and compass together until.

compasses usually have rulers along their edges calibrated in the most common map scales. where the lines intersect is your location. part 2 intermediate land navigation. a map and compass can help you travel this way. , the bearing) at the compass index pointer. 1) orient the map to true north.

it needs no batteries, works with any map, and even works without a map! 3) where these lines cross will ( theoretically) be your position. for example a 1: 25, 000 scale map will show a smaller area in greater detail than a 1: 50, 000 scale map. the higher the second number the larger an area the map shows. federation of american scientists – science for a safer, more. think of the scale like zooming in or out on a computer screen. lensatic compass cover- protects the floating dial and other parts of the compass when closed. how to use a compass: compass/ map navigation | rei co- op. compass as well as a map. armywide implementation a mandatory core of critical map reading and land navigation tasks and a list of electives will be provided to each.

soldiers use the m2 compass primarily for positioning indirect fire weapons such as mortars. an instructional manual for personal develop- ment of your outdoor navigation skills, using map and compass, and 2. maps a map is a two dimensional representation of an area of land, as if you were looking at it from above. part 1 basic land navigation lensatic compass base- the main body of the. want to master these techniques and more? the scale will be printed on the map. most compass- es are marked with the four cardinal points— north, east, south, and west— but some are marked additionally with the number of degrees in a circle ( 360: north is 0 or 360, east is 90, south is 180, and west is 270). basic land navigation only requires three ( 3) " tools". without moving the map or compass, turn the compass dial until the orienting arrow boxes the red part of the magnetic needle. the ideal map for land navigation. using your location as a pivot, rotate the compass until north on the bezel is pointing to the top of the map and the compass housing orienting lines are parallel with the map’ s vertical grid lines.

here' s a step- by- step guide to using compass bearings. holding the compass level in front of you, turn your body until the north arrow on the bezel matches up with the compass’ s needle. take a bearing to a visible landmark using your compass. in this rei expert adv. now hold the compass on the map and rotate yourself and the map/ compass together until the orienting arrow and the compass needle are aligned to magnetic. it has a compass rose to give you a true bearing in which to steer your boat, a distance scale, and a latitude and longitude scale so that you can you find your location. by choosing the correct ruler you can compass and map navigation pdf measure distances directly off the map.

using the map, compass, gps ( and altimeter) to find your way the topographic map and declination adjusted compass together the topographic map is a “ blueprint” of the ground features. making sure that the direction of travel arrow remains pointed in the general direction of the landmark ( 6a), rotate the entire baseplate until the orienting lines are running north/ south ( 6b) and the north marker on the. needed to navigate using a map and a compass. the classic map and compass navigation guide— revised for the age of gps " required reading for the beginner in map and compass work, as well as for those interested in serious orienteering. a leader’ s guide for group instruction of outdoor navigation skills, with exercises and games that help make map and compass training a fun and sporting experience. orient the map with the landscape ( visually or with compass & map magnetic north). draw a line using the edge of the compass’ s base as your guide. 4) in practice, three bearing lines will define a triangle. for general wilderness navigation a 1: 50, 000 map is a popular choice but if exploring a small area a 1: 25, 000 or 1: 24, 000 map are good choices as well. lay your compass on the map and align one corner of the straight edge with the landmark. you’ re somewhere in the triangle.

your direction of travel arrow should now be pointing towards your destination. you now have a field bearing that will allow you to hike in a straight line toward your destination.


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